from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Having been shortened; abbreviated.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. shortened, having been shortened
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Shortened or reduced; -- said of the distance of a planet from the sun or earth, as measured in the plane of the ecliptic, or the distance from the sun or earth to that point where a perpendicular, let fall from the planet upon the plane of the ecliptic, meets the ecliptic.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Shortened; reduced.
The word "decurtate" - means to cut short but in English lang "curtate" itself means "to cut short" and "de" is a pref. to make the following words as opposite or to make it degrade/declass.
But if you mark a point B on the circumference of the flange of a locomotive-wheel, the curve will be a curtate cycloid, as in Fig. 2, terminating in nodes.
Dr. Wollaston had made a drawing of the orbit and its elements; but, having left it in town, he described the lines so accurately without naming them, that I remarked at once, "That is the curtate or perihelion distance," which pleased him greatly, as it showed how accurate his description was.