Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Either of two moldings, cyma recta or cyma reversa, having an undulating or S-shaped profile, used especially in classical architecture. Also called cymatium.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A moulding of the cornice, wavelike in form, whose outline consists of a concave and a convex line; an ogee.
  • n. = cyme

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A member or molding of the cornice, the profile of which is wavelike in form.
  • n. A cyme. See Cyme.
  • n.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. In architecture, a member or molding of the cornice, of which the profile is an ogee, or curve of contrary flexure.
  • n. In botany, same as cyme.
  • n. [capitalized] Same as Cuma, 2.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. (architecture) a molding for a cornice; in profile it is shaped like an S (partly concave and partly convex)

Etymologies

New Latin cȳma, from Greek kūma, wave, cyma, from kuein, to swell.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • There is one very curious passage in which he is talking about a very pretty girl, and wants to make it plain that she had a very beautiful mouth, and he says, "Her mouth was of that exquisite curve which is termed the cyma recta, or the 'Ogee arch.'"

    Thomas Hardy, The Novelist

  • The ornament about this window, especially that in the long panel below it and upon the cyma of the soffit above, is Byzantine in character, while the columns, with the exception of the capital of the one at the left, are much more Romanesque.

    The Brochure Series of Architectural Illustration, Volume 01, No. 04, April 1895 Byzantine-Romanesque Windows in Southern Italy

  • Furthermore just such cyma pieces have been discovered belonging to other structures in Olympia and amid the pre-Persian ruins on the Acropolis of Athens.

    The American Journal of Archaeology, 1893-1

  • The corresponding cyma was of the same material and similarly decorated.

    The American Journal of Archaeology, 1893-1

  • The parapet above, including its cyma and corona, is one half the height of the parapet below.

    The Ten Books on Architecture

  • (Laughter) I do not know whether I have any architects amongst my hearers, but I am quite sure that nobody else in this room knows what a cyma recta is; and I am sure that if most young men told their adored ones that they had cyma recta mouths it might lead to trouble.

    Thomas Hardy, The Novelist

  • Next she flung herself on the couch in the cyma-recta curve which so became her, and with her arm over her brow looked towards the door.

    The Mayor of Casterbridge

  • [Footnote: The egg-and-dart is found only on the ovolo, the leaf-and-dart only on the cyma reversa or the cyma recta (concave above and convex below) Both ornaments are in origin leaf-patterns one row of leaves showing their points behind another row.]

    A History of Greek Art

  • The sima or gutter-facing, whose profile is here a cyma recta (concave above and convex below), is enriched with sculptured floral ornament.

    A History of Greek Art

  • [1] The English use of the word Ogee is thus defined: "An arch or moulding which displays sectionally contrasted curves similar to that of the _cyma reversa_."

    The Cathedral

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