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- noun Plural form of
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These are what we call the "cytodes" (cytos = cell), certain living, independent beings, consisting only of a particle of plasson -- an albuminoid substance, which is not yet differentiated into caryoplasm and cytoplasm, but combines the properties of both.
However, these cytodes are not found, as a rule, in the higher animals and plants; here we have only real cells with a nucleus.
We comprise both kinds -- the cytodes and the cells -- under the name of plastids ( "formative particles"), because they are the real builders of the organism.
Those remarkable beings called the monera -- especially the chromacea and bacteria -- are specimens of these simple cytodes.
But we must, to be accurate, distinguish between the plasson of the cytodes and the protoplasm of the cells.
The earlier and lower stage are the unnucleated cytodes, the body of which consists of only one kind of albuminous matter -- the homogeneous plasson or "formative matter."
A phytomoneron, the round plastids of which (bluish-green in colour) secrete a shapeless gelatinous mass; in this the unnucleated cytodes increase continually by simple cleavage.)