from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Plural form of cytokine.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • In addition, leptin and adiponectin levels tend to be positively associated with gluteofemoral fat while the level of inflammatory cytokines is negatively associated.

    Dr. Sharma’s Obesity Notes » Blog Archive » Big Butts and Thighs Equals Lower Risk?

  • Application of honey to open wounds stimulates the release of powerful chemicals called "cytokines" that speed the migration of cells across the defect to bring quicker repair.

    Dr. Richard Palmquist: Honey in Integrative Veterinary Medicine

  • Like that earlier flu, avian flu unleashes an unusual hurricanelike storm of immune-system signaling proteins called cytokines, which signal the immune system to combat microbial invaders.

    The Autoimmune Epidemic

  • They were staring at not only an increase in the percentage of cells expressing CD44, but these CD44 cells were also producing a multitude of other inflammatory molecules known as cytokines, which are found in overabundance in patients with lupus and many other autoimmune diseases.

    The Autoimmune Epidemic

  • By the same token, the immune expressions called cytokines are active in your gut and your brain and your fat base and gonads.

    T.S. Wiley: Can Sleep Loss Destroy Your Immune System?

  • The reason is unclear, but it might be that fat deposited around the hips generates higher levels of hormones known as cytokines, which can cause inflammation, affecting brain function.

    Weight gain hurts memory, research says

  • Your brain's growth and development are, in fact, completely maintained by immune factors called cytokines originating in your heart.

    T.S. Wiley: Can Staying Up Late Cause Heart Disease?

  • In chronic fatigue syndrome and major depressive disorder, Leaky Gut Syndrome activates the intestinal immune system to produce chemicals called cytokines that spread inflammation through your body.

    Leo Galland, M.D.: Do You Have Leaky Gut Syndrome?

  • The interaction among parts of the brain and the communication of the brain with the body are accomplished by neurotransmitters, hormones, proteins, and immune messengers called cytokines, all of which carry information from one neuron to the next and from the nervous system to the hormone and immune systems.


  • Once NFκB is activated in the cytosol (watery portion of the cell) during oxidative stress (excess free radicals), it translocates to the nucleus, where it activates gene expression for the production of pro-inflammatory proteins called cytokines.

    Forever Young


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