from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. That state of a system of quarks and gluons that are free to move relatively independently
The theory involves a new state of matter (the two-dimensional "Luttinger liquid") and a quite new mechanism for electron pairing ( "deconfinement").
E.g. there is so far no definitive explanation for why the phase transitions in finite temperature QCD where deconfinement and chiral symm restoration set in occur at the same critical temperature (which lattice simulations have revealed to be the case).