from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Something that is denoted; a referent.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. the actual object referred to by a linguistic expression.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. an actual object referred to by a linguistic expression
For Deleuze as for Frege, sense is what is expressed in a proposition; the two senses of “morning star” and “evening star” are two ways in which the same denotatum may be expressed in propositions.
Turning to dysphemism, the authors provide the following definition: an expression with connotations that are offensive either about the denotatum or to the audience, or both, and it is substituted for a neutral or euphemistic expression for just that reason. [p. 26]
In the first part, I am not sure that one can say that there is anything "offensive" about a denotatum: Is there anything inherently offensive?
Surely, the criterion of capitalization is trivial, and, frankly, Grover Cleveland is of much less interest to me than phoenix; yet his name appears as a word in the language, a denotatum, if you want to get technical about it, and there is no justification for omitting his name
; d i e m, quo quidem infigne allquld is fafturus flt feceritue, hac denotatum plirafi iii afitlqulore S. codice reperias.