from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. any member of the family (Dipterocarpaceae) of tropical rainforest trees having two-winged fruits
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A plant of the family Dipterocarpaceæ.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. tree of the family Dipterocarpaceae
Sorry, no etymologies found.
A high proportion (32%) of Thap Lan has been degraded, mostly dry dipterocarp forest cleared for agriculture and tree plantations.
Within the area three main types of vegetation are dominant: evergreen forests (73,8% of all five reserves), mixed dipterocarp/deciduous forest (5.3%) and deforested scrub, grassland and secondary growth (18%).
The drier areas include dry dipterocarp forest and grassland as well as mixed forests.
The dipterocarp/deciduous mixed forests provide a similarly wide range but in drier fire-prone areas with sandy soils.
Pale-capped pigeon Columba punicea (VU) in the evergreen forest, green peafowl Pavo muticus (VU) and silver oriole Oriolus mellianus (VU) in the dipterocarp/deciduous forest and masked finfoot Heliopais personata (VU) from the riverside are resident. 53 species are considered nationally threatened or near threatened, including four species of hornbill, Siamese fireback pheasant Lophura diardi, the rare silver pheasant Lophura nycthemera and the mountain imperial pigeon Ducula badia.
Vegetation types on Palawan are diverse and include beach forest, tropical lowland evergreen dipterocarp rain forest, lowland semi-deciduous forest, montane forest, and ultramafic and imestone forest.
The lowland evergreen dipterocarp rain forest, which naturally occupies 31 percent of the island, is dominated by Agalai spp.,
By contrast, the southern hill slopes along the southern coasts are kept moist during the dry season by the southeast trade winds, and dipterocarp rain forest occurs on the southwest hills of both Lombok and Sumbawa.
Most of the island's lowland and submontane forests are dominated by dipterocarp species.
The Lombok dipterocarp forest is almost depleted by commercial logging, and the forest of Sumbawa is partially covered by a mining concession.