from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A state of adverse or unhealthy atmospheric conditions.
- n. Unhealthy imbalance of bodily humours; a disorder.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Bad temperature; intemperateness; excess of heat or cold, or of other qualities.
- n. Disorder; confusion.
- n. Disorder of body; slight illness; distemper.
- n. Perturbation of mind; mental uneasiness.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Derangement or irregularity of temperature; especially, unduly heightened temperature.
- n. Intemperateness; excess.
- n. Violent tumultuousness; outrageous conduct; an excess.
- n. Perturbation of mind.
- n. Confusion; commixture of contrarieties; loss of regularity; disorder.
- n. Illness; indisposition.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
“Be not in this distemperature for me, sovereign Lady,” said Roland; “this young gentleman, being the faithful servant of your Grace, and the brother of Catherine Seyton, bears that about him which will charm down my passion at the hottest.”
“We ARE friends,” repeated the knight; and there was a pause, during which the fiery Saracen paced the tent, like the lion, who, after violent irritation, is said to take that method of cooling the distemperature of his blood, ere he stretches himself to repose in his den.
But this adventitious melancholy which is here meant, is caused of a hot and dry distemperature, as  Damascen the Arabian lib.
 Hercules de Saxonia calls this kind of melancholy (ab agitatione spirituum) by a peculiar name, it comes from the agitation, motion, contraction, dilatation of spirits, not from any distemperature of humours, and produceth strong effects.
If  no symptoms appear about the stomach, nor the blood be misaffected, and fear and sorrow continue, it is to be thought the brain itself is troubled, by reason of a melancholy juice bred in it, or otherwise conveyed into it, and that evil juice is from the distemperature of the part, or left after some inflammation, thus far Piso.
Such a complaint I read of those isles of Cape Verde, fourteen degrees from the Equator, they do male audire:  One calls them the unhealthiest clime of the world, for fluxes, fevers, frenzies, calentures, which commonly seize on seafaring men that touch at them, and all by reason of a hot distemperature of the air.
Faventinus, will have it proceed from a  hot distemperature of the brain; and  Montaltus cap.
The heart alters the countenance to good or evil, and distraction of the mind causeth distemperature of the body.
A great inconvenience comes by variety of dishes, which causeth the precedent distemperature,  than which (saith Avicenna) nothing is worse; to feed on diversity of meats, or overmuch, Sertorius-like, in lucem caenare, and as commonly they do in Muscovy and
 Herc. de Saxonia doth ascribe this to the several motions in the animal spirits, their dilation, contraction, confusion, alteration, tenebrosity, hot or cold distemperature, excluding all material humours.