from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Shaped like or having a dome.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Of, pertaining to, resembling or having a dome
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Relating to, or shaped like, a dome.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Related to or shaped like a dome; characterized by the presence of a dome or domes; influenced in construction by the principles of the dome.
The character of these arches, with the slightly domical vaults noticeable in the adjacent aisles, has led some persons to detect an
Still farther to the south, but connected by a passage, is a circular chamber in an unfinished state, with a domical vault, and an opening in the centre to a shaft which is carried up to the surface.
If we attempt to make the oblique arches complete circles, as at Fig. 96, we see that they must necessarily rise higher than the cross and side arches, so that the roof would be in a succession of domical forms, as at Fig. 97.
The latter is noteworthy for its domical shape in the style of the
The latter consisted of a domical structure: a cupola carried out without massive effect over a cylinder which was not perfectly round, and four surrounding spaces, in one of which was the monument of the founder, Mazarin.
Cappella del Presepio (Chapel of the Manger) in S. Maria Maggiore, a powerful domical building over a Greek cross, a marvellously well-balanced structure, notwithstanding the profusion of detail and overloading of rich ornamentation, which in no way interferes with the main architecural scheme. lt is crowned by a dome in the early style of S. Mario at Montepulciano.
These arches may have been evolved for the purpose of strengthening the fabric, or for ornamental reasons, or in imitation of similar arches in the Carolingian domical churches; but whatever their source the fact remains that they form the first structural step towards the evolution of the Gothic system of construction.
Particularly did it differ from the Roman vault in that, while the latter had a level crown, obtained by using semicircular lateral and transverse arches and elliptical groin arches (naturally formed by the intersection of two semicircular barrel vaults of equal radius), the "Lombard" vault was constructed with semicircular diagonals, the result being that domical form which was always retained by the Gothic builders of France because of its intrinsic beauty.
Previous to the building of the Pantheon in its present domical form, during the reign of Hadrian about A.D. 123, the history of the dome is for the most part a blank.
St. Paul's, London, the architect had shown that domical vaulting is possible even when the bays of nave or aisles are not square, but pronouncedly oblong.