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Natal sources (rdzas, Skt. dravya) of things – that which gives rise to something or from which something arises.
With the help of this they prove that all things -- which they declare to consist of substance (dravya), and paryâya -- to be existing, one and permanent in so far as they are substances, and the opposite in so far as they are paryâyas.
For as genus (jâti) and quality (guna), so substances (dravya) also may occupy the position of determining attributes (viseshana), in so far namely as they constitute the body of something else.
The world further comprises six substances (dravya), viz. souls (jîva), merit (dharma), demerit (adharma), bodies (pudgala), time (kâla), and space (âkâsa).