from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. All known inhabited areas of the world.
  • n. Unification of Christianity.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The habitable part of the world; the part of the world inhabited by man.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Latin oecumenicus, from Ancient Greek οἰκουμένη (oikouménē, "inhabited world"), from οἰκέω (oikéō, "I inhabit, dwell"), from οἶκος (oikos, "residence").


  • It was an idea far ahead of its time, born of a desire not merely to "civilize" a seemingly moribund Muslim world, but to unite East and West, the Baghdad Railway could have fostered not just greater economic integration for European benefit, but an inter-cultural renaissance across Eurasia as well evoking heyday of the great Muslim Empires -- Ottoman, Safavid and Mughal -- that last united these lands into one broad cultural ecumene.

    Mark Levine: Sonic Peacemakers Go Where the Rest of Us Fear to Tread

  • Here I find the similarity between historiography of Chinese ethnology and of world history: first, both studied assumed units (civilizations or minzus), then moved to relations or interactions among units, and finally noticed the emerging ecumene (world-system, or the Chinese nation). back

    Between Winds and Clouds: The Making of Yunnan (Second Century BCE to Twentieth Century CE)

  • Perhaps the most relevant aspect of Appadurai's perspective is the distinction he finds between the forms of knowledge held by producers and consumers in relation to the commodities that unite and distinguish them, and the important role intermediate merchant communities play in bridging, or not bridging, those gaps in commodity knowledge across the various trajectories of the ecumene.

    Connecting Histories in Afghanistan: Market Relations and State Formation on a Colonial Frontier

  • A living ‘Europe’ is therefore arising today as a branch of the all-human ecumene….

    The Great Experiment

  • It seems to me that his words might be taken as summing up and encapsulating the legitimate insights of both halves of the now sundered Christian ecumene:

    Spirituque: development as recovery

  • The Eastern Hemisphere ecumene continued to expand through trade, the spread of religions, migrations of peoples, and conquests.

    III. The Postclassical Period, 500-1500

  • Although imperial systems collapsed in many areas by 500 C.E., the broader ecumene continued to expand.

    d. The Expansion of Christianity

  • Entirely separate from the Eastern Hemisphere ecumene, WESTERN HEMISPHERE societies developed major temple-palace civilizations in the Mexican highlands around Teotihuacán, in the MAYAN areas of the Yucatán Peninsula, and in the Andes around great cities like Tihuanaco.

    e. The Global Picture

  • Important features of this ecumene were the great empires, which provided large, secure areas for trade and the wealth and power necessary for basic economic development and political stability.

    3. Classical Civilizations, 300 B.C.E.-500 C.E

  • Central Eurasia witnessed the development of strong herding societies all along the northern regions of the ecumene.

    2. Central Eurasia


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