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  • There is also and especially the magnificent statue of Gudea, the "ensi," which is to say governor or prince, of Lagash, a city in southern Mesopotamia where he reigned from approximately 2141 to 2122 B.C.

    Le Québécois Libre

  • I would suggest you look to the transitions between primitively democratic systems of governance based on unkin, en (religio-economic figurehead) and lugal (temporary military leader) and autocratic systems of governance based on the ensi, the fusion of en and lugal as monarchic sovereign.

    Archive 2007-04-01

  • Only in later Sumerian society did the office of the en and the lugal merge into what we think of as kings -- the ensi.

    The Stain of Sin

  • Nimrod is another such autocratic ensi; by the time the stories of Genesis were being told, Sumer had long since gone from a federation of city-states governed by a tripartite system of checks and balances to an empire ruled by a sovereign Grand High Poobah.

    The Stain of Sin

  • Hammurabi is an examplary figure of the ensi, first to put the Law in written form.

    The Stain of Sin

  • Note 119: Régime, p. 75: "car tot ausi comme li cire quant ele est mole prent tel forme c'on li veut douner, ensi li enfant prendent tel fourme ke leur norrice leur doune; et por ce, sachies ke biautes et llaidure a avoir tient a grant partie as nourices." back

    A Tender Age: Cultural Anxieties over the Child in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries

  • Note 85: Koenig 4, p. 53: "Et bien li dit tout en apert,/Que, s'ele ensi son enfant pert,/Ja mais nul jor n'ara fiance/En sa douceur n'en sa puissance." back

    A Tender Age: Cultural Anxieties over the Child in the Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries

  • Beginning his career as Governor (ensi) of Umma, he defeated Lagash and took the title King of Uruk.

    c. The Sumerians and the Akkadians

  • Some cities, such as Lagash and Uruk, became independent, though their rulers retained the title of governor (ensi).

    c. The Sumerians and the Akkadians

  • Later, as multicity states formed, a king (Sumerian lugal, Akkadian sharrum) reigned, and each individual city was administered by a governor (ensi or ishiakkum).

    b. Economy, Technology, Society, and Culture


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