from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Biology Living or occurring on or near the surface of the ground.
- adj. Botany Of or relating to the emergence of cotyledons above the surface of the ground after germination.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Living near the surface of the ground
- adj. Emerging above the surface of the ground after being germinated
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Epigæous.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Same as epigeous.
- In entomology, living near the surface of the ground, as on low herbs, or on mosses, roots, and other surface vegetation. Also epigæal.
Odontotermes spp. build both subterranean and epigeal nests.
Seeds with epigeal germination may benefit from being planted slightly shallower than suggested above.
Seeds with epigeal germination, for example, many legumes and cucurbits, push their cotyledons above the soil surface.
In albuminous Dicotyledons the cotyledons act as the absorbents of the reserve-food of the seed and are commonly brought above ground (_epigeal_), either withdrawn from the seed-coat or carrying it upon them, and then they serve as the first green organs of the plant.