Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun A lyric poem characterized by distichs formed by a long line followed by a shorter one.
  • noun The third division of the triad of a Pindaric ode, having a different or contrasting form from that of the strophe and antistrophe.
  • noun The part of a choral ode in classical Greek drama following the strophe and antistrophe and sung while the chorus is standing still.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun In ancient prosody: A third and metrically different system subjoined to two systems (the strophe and antistrophe) which are metrically identical or corresponsive, and forming with them one pericope or group of systems.
  • noun A shorter colon, subjoined to a longer colon, and constituting one period with it; especially, such a colon, as a separate line or verse, forming either the second line of a distich or the final line of a system or stanza. As the closing verse of a system, sometimes called ephymnium.
  • noun A poem consisting of such distichs.
  • noun Specifically In music, a refrain or burden.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun The after song; the part of a lyric ode which follows the strophe and antistrophe, -- the ancient ode being divided into strophe, antistrophe, and epode.
  • noun A species of lyric poem, invented by Archilochus, in which a longer verse is followed by a shorter one. It does not include the elegiac distich.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun poetry The after song; the part of a lyric ode which follows the strophe and antistrophe.
  • noun poetry A kind of lyric poem, invented by Archilochus, in which a longer verse is followed by a shorter one.

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Latin epōdos, a type of lyric poem, from Greek epōidos, sung after, from epaeidein, epāidein, to sing after : epi-, epi- + aeidein, to sing; see wed- in Indo-European roots.]

Examples

  • This is the life I commend, this the life I set before me as my ideal, to exercise no authority beyond what is right either in the marriage-chamber or in the state. epode

    Andromache

  • This is the life I commend, this the life I set before me as my ideal, to exercise no authority beyond what is right either in the marriage-chamber or in the state. epode

    Andromache

  • (Ah woe and well – a – day! but be the issue fair!) epode

    Agamemnon

  • When the first course was taken off, the females melodiously sung us an epode in the praise of the sacrosanct decretals; and then the second course being served up, Homenas, joyful and cheery, said to one of the she-butlers, Light here, Clerica.

    Five books of the lives, heroic deeds and sayings of Gargantua and his son Pantagruel

  • When the first course was taken off, the females melodiously sung us an epode in the praise of the sacrosanct decretals; and then the second course being served up, Homenas, joyful and cheery, said to one of the she-butlers, Light here, Clerica.

    Five books of the lives, heroic deeds and sayings of Gargantua and his son Pantagruel

  • (Ah woe and well – a – day! but be the issue fair!) epode

    Agamemnon

  • Of the three parts of the ode, the _strophe_, the _antistrophe_, and the _epode_, each was to be sung at a particular part of the procession.

    The Symbolism of Freemasonry

  • 'Horatian' ode or the complex system of strophe, antistrophe and epode of the 'Pindaric' ode, 131 ff.

    The Principles of English Versification

  • These have first a strophe of undetermined length, then an antistrophe identical in structure with the strophe, and then an epode, different in structure from the strophe and antistrophe.

    The Principles of English Versification

  • The signs denoting the end of a strophe or antistrophe (_paragraphus_), of an epode (_coronis_), or of an ode (_asterisk_), are often omitted by the scribe, and, when employed, are sometimes placed incorrectly, or employed in an irregular manner.

    Encyclopaedia Britannica, 11th Edition, Volume 3, Part 1, Slice 1 "Austria, Lower" to "Bacon"

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