Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Of or relating to a language, such as Georgian, in which the subject of an intransitive verb and the object of a transitive verb are expressed by one grammatical case, and the subject of a transitive verb is expressed by another.
  • adjective Of or relating to the grammatical case of the subject of a transitive verb in such a language.
  • noun The ergative case.
  • noun An ergative inflection.
  • noun A nominal having an ergative form.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • adjective grammar Used of various situations where the subject of transitive constructions have different grammatical cases or thematic relations to those of intransitive constructions.
  • noun linguistics the ergative case
  • noun linguistics an ergative verb or other expression

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[From Greek ergatēs, worker, from ergon, work; see werg- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From the Ancient Greek ἐργάτης (ergatēs, "worker"), from ἔργον (ergon, "work").

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