from The Century Dictionary.
- noun One who holds that matter or the world has existed from eternity.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun One who holds the existence of matter to be from eternity.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun One who holds the
existenceof matterto be from eternity.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
The two extremes are the nihilist position and the eternalist position.
Moreover, everything is devoid of all four extreme modes of impossible existence: true existence – the eternalist position, total nonexistence – the nihilist position, both – from one point of view eternalist, from another nihilist, neither – from one point of view, a manner of existence that is not eternalist; from another viewpoint, one that is not nihilist either.
It was that polemic which resounded through the ages; its shockwaves can still be felt in later thinkers like Thomas Aquinas (1224-1274) and Zabarella (1533-1589) who carefully examined, though in the end rejected, Philoponus 'anti-eternalist arguments.
Proclus 'eighteen arguments took their point of departure from the myth of Plato's Timaeus, which, according to Proclus, was best and most consistently interpreted according to an eternalist reading: the surface talk of a world being constructed by a divine ˜demiurge™ is part of the mythical framework, not a literal, philosophical claim.
The non-polemical anti-eternalist treatises exploit, among others,
That is the eternalist view, that if we could just have this happiness or have enough of it or not lose it, this would eliminate all of our problems.
The fact that everything is dependent in this way eliminates the “eternalist” extreme.
In contrast to the radical Heraclitean view of presentism, the Parmenidean eternalist picture on the far right lacks these arrows and indicates that there is no more special about the temporal present (the now) than the spatial present (the here).
On the eternalist view of creation, God creates the universe as a temporally ordered B-series, according to which every event in that universe is, tenselessly, either before, after or simultaneous with every other event in the universe.
It is stilled or parted from any mental fabrications of eternalist extremes such as truly existent arising, ceasing, coming, or going, or grasping for things to exist as one or many truly existent things.