Definitions

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The upthrow side of a fault left standing as a line of cliffs.

Etymologies

Sorry, no etymologies found.

Examples

  • This is about seventy miles long and only eight or ten miles wide, with mountains rising abruptly on each side two or three thousand feet, evidently a fault-scarp.

    Documenting the American South: The Southern Experience in 19-th Century America

  • It was at first supposed that this earthquake occurred without preparation of any kind; but a closer analysis of the records shows that during the previous two years there was a very decided increase in the seismic activity of the district, and also that the distribution of the epicentres marked out the future fault-scarp, and at the same time exhibited a tendency to comparative uniformity over the whole fault-region.

    A Study of Recent Earthquakes

  • This constant diminution in the depth of the foci shows that the great slip was followed by a sudden increase of stress upwards as well as laterally, and explains why that slip did not leave any perceptible trace, either as fault-scarp or fissure, at the surface.

    A Study of Recent Earthquakes

  • The Japanese earthquake of 1891, however, placed the reality of such movements beyond doubt, and revealed the existence of a fault-scarp, with a height in one place of 18 or 20 feet, and a length of at least 40, if not of 70, miles.

    A Study of Recent Earthquakes

  • When the throw is considerable -- and in one place it reaches from 18 to 20 feet -- the fault-scarp forms a terrace, which from a distance has the appearance of a railway embankment (Fig. 47).

    A Study of Recent Earthquakes

  • The whole region, indeed, was evidently subjected to intense stresses, and the depression on the north-east side of the fault-scarp can hardly fail to have been accompanied by other movements, especially along a fault running near the western margin of the main branch of the meizoseismal area.

    A Study of Recent Earthquakes

  • It will be seen that they follow roughly the course of the meizoseismal area southwards to the Sea of Isé, and that to the south-east they continue for several miles the short branch of the meizoseismal area which surrounds the southern end of the fault-scarp.

    A Study of Recent Earthquakes

  • Not far from the axes of the outer groups of curves there are probably transverse faults, approximately parallel to the great fault-scarp and the main branch of the meizoseismal band, and distant from them about

    A Study of Recent Earthquakes

  • The Japanese earthquake is distinguished from others by its extraordinary fault-scarp and the very numerous shocks that followed it.

    A Study of Recent Earthquakes

  • In the fault-scarp formed in 1894 in Eastern Greece, a similar shift took place, though to what extent is unknown.

    A Study of Recent Earthquakes

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