from The Century Dictionary.
- Rosh hodesh, the first (day) of the Jewish lunar month (Num. x. 10).
- Pesah, the Passover, also called
Chan ha-mazoth, the Feast of Unleavened Bread (see matsoth).
- Shabuoth, or Chaff ha-Shabuoth, the Feast of Weeks, also called
Yom ha-bikurim, or Day of the First-fruit (Num. xxviii. 26).
- Sukkoth, meaning ‘booths,’ or ‘tabernacles,’ also called
Chaff ha-‘Asiph (Ex. xxiii. 15, 16), the Feast of Ingathering (see Feast of Tabernacles).
- Yom Teruah (Num. xxix. 1), the ‘day of blowing the trumpet,’ now known as Rosh ha-shanah or first of the Jewish year, when the shofar (ram's horn) is used.
- Yom ha-kippurim, the Day of Atonement, which is not properly a day of feasting, but the most solemn fast-day in the year. The post-Biblical Jewish authorities have added an extra day to the principal festivals; thus the Feast of the Passover has now eight instead of seven days; the Feast of Weeks has two instead of one; the Feast of Tabernacles has (including Shemini ‘Atsereth and Simhath Torah) nine instead of eight; and Rosh ha-shanah has two instead of one. There are several minor festivals and holidays in the Jewish calendar, but these, with the exception of
Hanukah(which see), as well as the above-named additional days, are disregarded by many reformed congregations.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- noun (Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC
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