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- n. A narrow-spectrum beta-lactam antibiotic of the penicillin class, used to treat infections caused by susceptible gram-positive bacteria.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
In addition to methicillin, which has passed out of common use, the semi-synthetics include oxacillin used in laboratories to test for methicillin resistance, nafcillin, cloxacillin, dicloxacillin, and flucloxacillin.
Therefore it is necessary to treat breast infections with a penicillinase-resistant antibiotic such as either flucloxacillin or erythromycin.
An oral antibiotic, such a flucloxacillin may be prescribed for staphylococcal and streptococcal skin infections, or oral erythromycin or clarithromycin if the patient is allergic to penicillin.
+ aminoglycoside or Carbapenem (monotherapy), quinolone Intra-abdominal Benzyl-penicillin + nafcillin (flucloxacillin) Cefotaxime + nafcillin or Cefotaxime + vancomycin Skin and soft tissue Community acquired Hospital acquired Quinolone Amoxicillin + clavulanic acid