from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Foreign pressure; pressure applied by one country onto another.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Borrowed from Japanese 外圧.


  • This hybrid process turned out to be congruent with the Japanese cultural tradition captured by the word gaiatsu, or “outside pressure or guidance.”


  • Japan's policy on whale hunts could be changed under rising pressure from within triggered in part by outside pressure - a force called gaiatsu in Japanese.

    NYT > Home Page

  • Meanwhile, an official close to the prime minister questioned the role that the ministry may have played in realizing the meeting, saying, '' It could be a case in which the Foreign Ministry has tried to apply 'gaiatsu' (external pressure) with the help of Clinton to give force to the existing plan. ''

    Japan Today: Japan News and Discussion

  • Foreign pressure (gaiatsu) can have a role in advancing change in Japan, but it needs a domestic constituency for it to actually work.

    Devin Stewart: Obama Did Not "Take Down" Hatoyama

  • Under the rules of this unhealthy gaiatsu (foreign pressure) game, Japanese officials would often secretly ask the Americans to pressure them, then explain to powerful constituents that they had to act because the Americans demanded it.

    One Small Step For Japan...

  • Hashimoto's real problem is that the harshest brand of gaiatsu is now coming from Tokyo's skeptical stock market, which has refused to turn bullish on any news from the government.

    Will Japan Save Itself?

  • And his aides hinted that while gaiatsu, or foreign pressure, may have worked once, a new generation of Tokyo officialdom won't stand for it.

    Will Japan Save Itself?

  • In their place comes gaiatsu, or external pressure -- the push from abroad that forces Japanese officials to undertake essential social and economic reforms that they would otherwise be unwilling to tackle.


  • "There is great gaiatsu [foreign pressure] to solve the bad-loan problem, and there will be several large life insurers, general contractors and retailers that will be sacrificed," says Takakazu Nakamori of Teikoku Databank in Tokyo.

    Learning From The Student

  • Yasunori Okadome, chief editor of the political magazine Truth of Rumors, sees the furor over the Korean student as an attempt to harness gaiatsu (foreign pressure) to solve Japan's problems.

    Japan Finds Its Seoul


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