Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of various sedges of the genus Cyperus, especially C. longus of Europe, having rough-edged leaves, reddish spikelets, and aromatic roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Alternative spelling of galangal.
  • n. One of several species of Cyperus sedges with aromatic rhizomes.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A plant of the Sedge family (Cyperus longus) having aromatic roots; also, any plant of the same genus.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. See galangal.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. European sedge having rough-edged leaves and spikelets of reddish flowers and aromatic roots

Etymologies

Middle English, a kind of root, from Old French galingal, from Arabic ḫulunjān, from Chinese (Mandarin) Gāoliáng jiāng, a kind of ginger : Gāoliáng, an area in Guangdong province + jiāng, ginger.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English, via Old French from Arabic كالانجان (ḵalanjān), probably from Chinese 高粱 (gāoliángjiāng), from 高粱 (gāoliáng, a district in Guongdong Province, China) + (jiāng, "ginger"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • It’s like—Well, have either of you ever heard of a spice called galingale?

    TO STORM HEAVEN

  • Each of the spices in the three mixtures appears in other combinations, and some recipes also use coriander seeds and cardamom, as well as spices that are even more exotic today than they were in fourteenth-century Venice, such as galingale and melegueta pepper.

    Delizia!

  • He found abundant cinnamon in Tibet and Malabar; saw ginger growing along the Yellow River; reported a busy trade in ginger, sugar, and galingale in the ports of Bengal; and witnessed locally grown pepper, nutmeg, cubeb, and cloves on sale in Java.

    Delizia!

  • Himera, the galingale hummed over by the bees, and the pine that dropped her cones, and Amaryllis in her cave, and Bombyca with her feet of carven ivory.

    Letters to Dead Authors

  • Sauce: Take the issue giblets & wash it well, & scour the guts well with salt, & boil the issue all together, & wash it well & hew it small, & take bread & powder of ginger & of galingale & grind together & temper it with the broth, & colour it with the blood.

    Archive 2006-12-01

  • Ingredients: One swan (with giblets); lard; salt; broth; toasted breadcrumbs; ginger; galingale (an aromatic root); red wine vinegar

    Archive 2006-12-01

  • Incidentally, the OED has the entry form galingale used by Chaucer in the Prologue to the Canterbury Tales: "A Cook they hadde with hem for the nones/ To boille the chiknes with the Marybones/ And poudre Marchant tart and galyngale" and gives the following impressive variety of forms:

    languagehat.com: LENGKUA/GALANGAL.

  • Add lesser quantities (the recipe says a denier) of the following spices: galingale, cloves (no more than 1/2 teaspoon, I suggest), gillyflower (if you can get it, which I have never succeeded in doing), long pepper (Asian groceries have this, sometimes), nutmeg, cardamon, mace.

    Even in a little thing

  • Such herbs as ginger root, galingale, ginseng, fennel seed, anise seed, and angelica root are all excellent to use for gastrointestinal problems caused by coldness, including abdominal pains, indigestion, and so forth.

    THE NATURAL REMEDY BIBLE

  • He awoke at last, drowsy and lazy, and casting his eyes about in every direction, observed, "There comes, if I don't mistake, from the quarter of that arcade a steam and a smell a great deal more like fried rashers than galingale or thyme; a wedding that begins with smells like that, by my faith, ought to be plentiful and unstinting."

    Don Quixote

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.