from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Surgical incision into the stomach.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Any form of incision into the stomach
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A cutting into, or opening of, the abdomen or the stomach.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In surgery:
- n. The operation of cutting into the stomach.
- n. Laparotomy.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Additional procedures can be done, such as gastrotomy, which obviates the NG tube and decreases the risk of recurrent volvulus.
Or would it be the dreaded gastrotomy — a surgical procedure to cut open her stomach and fish out the clumpy, non-digestible stuff?
After it had been lodged in this position for seven weeks and two days gastrotomy was performed, and the knife extracted; the patient recovered.
Journal for 1825 12.147 there is an account of a juggler who swallowed a knife which remained in his stomach and caused such intense symptoms that gastrotomy was advised; the patient, however, refused operation.
The records of injuries of this nature extend back many hundred years, and even in the earlier days the delicate operation of gastrotomy, sometimes with a successful issue, was performed upon persons who had swallowed knives.
Wilson 12.164 mentions an instance of gastrotomy which was performed for the extraction of a fork swallowed sixteen years before.
De Diemerbroeck *  mentions the fact that a knife ten inches long was extracted by gastrotomy, and placed among the rarities in the anatomic chamber of the University at Leyden.
Two weeks later, gastroperitoneal symptoms presented, and as the stick was located, gastrotomy was proposed; the patient, however, would not consent to an operation.
Bell 12.142 of Davenport, Iowa, performed gastrotomy on a man, who, while attempting a feat of legerdemain, allowed a bar of lead, 10 1/8 inches long, 1 1/2 inches wide, and 9 1/2 ounces in weight, to slip into his stomach.
Billroth 12.177 mentions an instance of gastrotomy for the removal of swallowed artificial teeth, with recovery; and another case in which a successful esophagotomy was performed.