from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A domesticated bovine mammal (Bos frontalis) of India and Myanmar (Burma), having thick pointed horns, a dark coat, and a tufted tail.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Bibos frontalis, a Southern Asiatic species of wild cattle.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A Southern Asiatic species of wild cattle (Bibos frontalis).
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A kind of East Indian ox long since domesticated from the wild stock of the gaur, and recognized by some naturalists as a different species called Bibos frontalis.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. ox of southeast Asia sometimes considered a domesticated breed of the gaur
I am wrong, tell me why the animal with peculiar frontal development, and called the gayal locally, should not have been named _frontalis_, whilst the animal called mithun, with nothing peculiar in his frontal development, is so called?
Next to the gayal is the _Gam_ -- also a forest-dwelling ox, of large size; and, like the other, browsing upon the leaves and twigs of trees.
Although it is believed that the mithan and gayal are the same animal, one of this report's reviewers points out that the mithan of Bhutan are strikingly different in color, body shape, and horn structure from gayals seen in zoos in Europe and India.
The genetic relationship of mithan to gayal, gaur, and cattle needs to be clarified.
In Asia it should include the great Indian rhinoceros and its allied species, the burrhel, the Nilgiri tahr and the gayal.
The local name for the Central Indian ox is over a large tract of country the gayal, or gyll; and this, being the animal with the peculiar frontal development, was most probably named bos, or _Gavaeus frontalis_, whilst the mithun, or Eastern Bengal animal, was the gaur.
The usual manner employed to catch the full-grown gayal is to surround a field of corn with a strong fence.
The _gayal_ is of a much milder disposition than the _gaur_, and is extensively domesticated, and on the frontiers of Assam is considered a valuable property by the people.
"P.S. -- Do any of the Eastern Bengal races call this mithun gayal?"
Young gayals are caught by leaving in the fence holes of a size sufficient to admit a calf, but which excludes the full-grown gayal; the calves enter by these holes, which are then shut by natives who are watching, and who secure the calves.