from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The sequence of nucleotides in DNA or RNA that determines the specific amino acid sequence in the synthesis of proteins. It is the biochemical basis of heredity and nearly universal in all organisms.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. the set of rules by which the sequence of bases in DNA are translated into the amino acid sequence of proteins
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the ordering of nucleotides in DNA molecules that carries the genetic information in living cells
Sorry, no etymologies found.
There is no clue in nature as to how these simple laws could induce the nonrepetitive, multi-faceted information we associate with the genetic code or the proteins made from the information stored in those genetic codes.
The evidence, as we saw in Chapter 10, is that the genetic code is universal, all but identical across animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, archaea and viruses.
The genetic code is redundant, with some amino acids being coded for by multiple three-nucleotide sequences of DNA.
Not just the genetic code itself, but the whole gene/protein system for running life, which we dealt with in Chapter 8, is the same in all animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, archaea and viruses.
Whoever messed with my brain, he thought glumly, and stirred up my genetic code the way a bartender would stir ice with a swizzle stick, left my hormones untouched.
Deoxyribonucleic acid, the substance in the chromosomes that carries the genetic code for the production of genes.
‘The genetic code – thawing the “frozen accident”’, Journal of Biosciences, 31, 459–63.
From the previous chapter, you may recall that the genetic code is degenerate: for example, GAA and GAG both code for glutamic acid.
The information stored in the genetic code common to all life, DNA, is not implied by the biological building blocks of DNA, neither in the nucleotide letters nor in the phospho-diester bonds along which those letters are strung.