from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A kind of salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha. Also garbusa.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • First records of sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka) and pink salmon (O. gorbuscha) from Banks Island and other records of Pacific salmon in Northwest Territories, Canada.

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  • Pink Salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), widely known as Humpback Salmon, are found from northern California to Alaska and usually inhabit coastal streams.

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  • The scientist Johann Walbaum first published the scientific name of the pink salmon “Salmo gorbuscha” in 1792, which subsequently became Oncorhynchus gorbuscha, retaining the transliteration of a Kamchatkan language word for the species.

    Trout and Salmon of North America

  • Chinook salmon, Oncorhynchus tshawytscha coho salmon, Oncorhynchus kisutch pink salmon, Oncorhynchus gorbuscha chum salmon, Oncorhynchus keta sockeye salmon, Oncorhynchus nerka rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss coastal rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss irideus redband trout of the Columbia River basin, Oncorhynchus mykiss gairdneri redband trout of the Northern Great Basin, Oncorhynchus mykiss newberrii

    Trout and Salmon of North America

  • The body grows more compressed and deeper at the shoulders, so that a very distinct hump is formed; this is more developed in _0. gorbuscha_, but is found in all. (_e_.)

    Scientific American Supplement, No. 275, April 9, 1881

  • The usual order of running in the rivers is as follows: _nerka, chouicha, kisutch, gorbuscha, keta_.

    Scientific American Supplement, No. 275, April 9, 1881

  • These species may be called the quinnat or king salmon, the blue-back salmon or red-fish, the silver salmon, the dog salmon, and the hump-back salmon, or _Oncorhynchus chouicha, nerka, kisutch, keta_, and _gorbuscha_.

    Scientific American Supplement, No. 275, April 9, 1881

  • The five main varieties of wild salmon harvested in Alaska are king or Chinook (Oncorhynchus tschawytscha), silver or coho (Oncorhynchus kisutch), red or sockeye (Oncorhynchus nerka), pink or humpy (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), and chum or dog (Oncorhynchus keta).

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  • This rather convoluted history of the names of salmonid fishes—from the Koryak language to German, to Russian, to English and French, and finally as latinized scientific names—has resulted in some unusual scientific names and tongue-twisting pronunciations: tshawytscha (Chinook salmon), gorbuscha (pink salmon), kisutch (coho salmon), keta (chum salmon), nerka (sockeye salmon), and mykiss (rainbow trout).

    Trout and Salmon of North America


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