from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A small rubbery granuloma that has a necrotic center and is enclosed by an inflamed fibrous capsule. It is characteristic of an advanced stage of syphilis.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a soft, non-cancerous growth, a form of granuloma, resulting from the tertiary stage of syphilis.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A kind of soft tumor, usually of syphilitic origin.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In pathology, a kind of tumor produced by syphilis, so called from the resemblance of its contents to gum.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a small rubbery granuloma that is characteristic of an advanced stage of syphilis
A tumor, known by the name of "gumma," is the result.
The name of a syphilitic swelling or tumor is gumma (plural, gummata).
_Esophageal syphilis_ is a rather rare affection, and may show itself as a mucous plaque, a gumma, an ulceration, or a cicatrix.
From their ranks are recruited a whole army of those secessions from and rebellions against the body at large -- the tumors, from the treacherous and deadly sarcoma, or "soft cancer," to the harmless fatty tumor, as well as the tubercle, the gumma of syphilis, the interstitial fibrosis of Bright's disease.
The severity of the symptoms depends to a large extent on the rapidity of growth of the tumour; thus an osteoma growing slowly from the inner table of the skull and implicating the brain may reach a considerable size without producing cerebral symptoms, while a comparatively small sarcoma or syphilitic gumma of rapid growth may endanger life.
The contraction which follows the disappearance of a gumma of the sterno-mastoid may also produce a deformity resembling wry-neck.
An unbroken gumma is liable to be confused only with the uncommon form of epithelioma which begins as a nodule under the mucous membrane.
Sometimes both nerves are involved -- for example, in fracture implicating both sides of the anterior fossa, and in tumours, particularly gumma, growing in the region of the floor of the third ventricle.
The gumma may remain for months unchanged, or may approach the surface, soften, and break down, leaving a deep, ragged ulcer.
The _syphilitic gumma_, which begins as a rounded indolent swelling, is usually situated in the middle line near the posterior edge of the hard palate.