from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A plant of the genus Sisymbrium, especially S. officinale, a stiff-branching European herb with sharply incised leaves and small yellow flowers, which was formerly much used in medicine as an expectorant and a diuretic. It is extensively naturalized in America. See Sisymbrium.
- n. Less correctly, a plant of the genus Erysimum, particularly E. odoratum, common on the continent of Europe, but not found in England.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The leaves were described as large and heart-shaped, and to remain green (at the ground) through the winter; but the colour of the flower was omitted, though it was stated that the petals of the hedge-mustard were yellow.
To this list we must also add the horse-radish, the colza, the seed of which produces an oil well adapted for lighting purposes; the _crysimum_, or hedge-mustard, a popular remedy in France for coughs; the shepherd's purse, which the Mexicans use as a decoction for washing wounds; and the _Lepidium piscidium_, employed by the natives of Oceanica for intoxicating fish, so as to catch them more easily.
On the smooth in front of the house, her little white and yellow chickens were peeping and dodging under the low mallows with its bluish rose-colored flowers, the star-tipped hedge-mustard, and pink-tufted smart-weed, and picking off the blue and green flies that were sunning on the leaves; and they did not seem to mind her.