from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. In Holland, and, until the 19th century, also in Cape Colony, a council to assist a local magistrate in the government of rural districts; hence, also, a member of such a council.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A local petty court established by the Dutch in South Africa in 1682 for the settlement of minor disputes between the burghers. It consisted of the landrost and four unpaid assessors who held office for two years.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Petronella got all three with Jan Cloete, her first cousin, the son of an influential family who was eventually named a heemraad himself, and a property owner who amassed significant wealth by the time he died. 30 Helena's first husband, Jacob van As, was already a widower when they married.
Members of the heemraad, or citizens 'advisory council, assisted the landdrost, a Company official.
Note 24: Leibbrandt, Précis: 391c, Munnik elected to Drakenstein church council 1773; 556h, Munnik appointed heemraad for Stellenbosch in 1775; 1465i, Munnik appointed heemraad for Drakenstein, 1777. back
When he was proposed as a heemraad for Stellenbosch in 1739, he lived near Jan Dissels Vlei, suggesting his principal residence was Groote Zeekoe Valleij en Klein Valleij (a farm first claimed by Jan Dissel in 1729) .22 Like many farmers avoiding the violent frontier war, Cloete asked to be excused from paying rent in 1739, because he "had to leave his place on account of the Hottentots."
Elsie and Petrus van der Merwe traversed another set of mountains to the Koue Bokkeveld. 21 Jacoba and Barend Jacobus Burger moved even farther east, to the Roggeveld. 22 After claiming loan farms in the Cedarberg, Aletta Sophia and Alewijn Jacobus Burger eventually opted for Graaff-Reinet and the Eastern frontier, an unusual move since both partners had large extended family networks in the Cedarberg. 23 Elisabeth, the only Lubbe sibling to marry outside an obvious family or frontier connection, retraced her father's trajectory and returned to Stellenbosch, where her husband served as heemraad of both Stellenbosch and Drakenstein, as well as on the Drakenstein Church council. 24