from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A tropical American plant (Agave fourcroydes) having large, thick, sword-shaped leaves that yield a coarse reddish fiber used in making rope and twine.
- n. The fiber obtained from this plant.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. a tropical American agave, Agave fourcroydes, whose thick, sword-shaped leaves yield a coarse reddish fibre used in making rope etc
- n. the fibre from this plant (sometimes mistakenly called sisal)
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A fiber known as Sisal hemp, obtained principally from Agave Ixtli of Yucatan; also, the plant itself.
Today, with renewed interest in natural fibres and the high cost of petroleum, henequen is enjoying resurgence.
Supplanted by nylon, sisal, as henequen is also known, has steadily fallen out of favor over the past several decades and is no longer grown on a large scale.
While henequen is still grown and has commercial use for carpets and cloth sacks, the heyday is over.
It is said that there were more millionaires in Merida during the heyday of the henequen production than in any other city in the world.
One place we found a really fine short video called "Merida in March" which shows sites from the city, but also gives a good description of henequen haciendas as they existed some 100 years ago in the Yucatan.
From 1908 to 1910, thousands of Yaqui Indians were sold into slavery inside this building and transported by rail and boat to Yucatán where they were worked to death on the henequen (sisal) plantations.
The abandoned train station near San Marcos in Western Jalisco, Mexico was part of the route used to move Yaquis from Sonora to the henequen fields of Yucatan in the early 1900s.
No plaque has yet been put up at the train station to remind the world of this sad chapter in Mexico's history. The abandoned train station near San Marcos in Western Jalisco, Mexico was part of the route used to move Yaquis from Sonora to the henequen fields of Yucatan in the early 1900s. It is said that 15,000 of them were exiled. © John Pint, 2009
If you happen to make it our neck of the henequen, private message us.
Turner was determined to see for himself and traveled to Mérida where he passed himself off as a rich man anxious to invest in the lucrative henequen hemp business.
Eighty-year-old Juan Díaz of San Marcos remembers stories of "false promises made by President Porfirio Díaz" in those times and recalls that those who took the bait "were rewarded by becoming slaves in the henequen plantations," Others say they remember rumors that Yaqui Indians had been sold in the San Marcos train station.