from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The doctrine or school that regards heredity as the primary factor in determining intelligence and behavior independent of environmental influences.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. the school of thought that heredity is more important than factors such as environment in determining intelligence and behaviour
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the philosophical doctrine that heredity is more important than environment in determining intellectual growth
Rowling... has simply updated feudal hereditarianism for the Mendelian Age.
He argues in favor of hereditarianism by attacking critics.
People were also already aware of the predictable demographic effects of differential reproduction between the ruling and “lower” classes, and of course hereditarianism with respect to human qualities that were perceived to be associated with socio-economic status was prevalent at the time.
In addition, the rise of eugenics was fed by traditional views on “bloodlines” and hereditarianism, Victorian ideas on class and aristocracy, conservative socio-economic theories, positivist philosophy, racism and anti-immigrant sentiment in the US, etc.
In his great work An American Dilemma (1944), Gunnar Myrdal praised the effort made by 'a handful of social and biological scientists 'to combat racism and hereditarianism — cultural prejudices once so pervasive that white intellectuals throughout the world had portrayed the inferiority of blacks as a self-evident truth.
Consistent with this hereditarianism, Clark believed in the gradual upward tendency of humanity, slowly erected on the equivocal and painfully accumulated achievements of past struggles.
Critics of sociobiology and hereditarianism over IQ included biologists, philosophers and many social scientists as well as many left-leaning political and social activists (See Gould (1981),
Critics of the HGP saw it as placing “the seal of approval from mainstream science” on hereditarianism, favoring nature over nurture like the eugenics of the early to mid-20th century, to promote a “technological fix” for social problems (Allen
The same article's author wrote that "the fund's hereditarianism forms a kind of dogma that leads it to venture well away from strictly scientific topics to shape the larger debate over policy implications.