from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In early Rom. law, the homestead or hereditary domain allotted as the private property of a citizen, and which was inheritable and alienable. It comprised space for house, yard, and garden—usually about one and a quarter acres.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
Tables for villa, which was the word in classical times for the homestead, was _hortus_, a garden, and that this was _heredium_, private property.
Ciacconium de Numis et Pon - deribus p. 134. corrigrere: Bina iugera quae aRomulo pr.div. dicebantur viritim, quod haeredemfeq. heredium appella 'runt.
There can, however, be no doubt that it possessed in its own right a small piece of garden ground (_heredium_), and also an allotment of land in the arable laid out by the settlers in common -- _centuriatus ager_; whether the ownership of this was vested in the individual paterfamilias or in the gens as a whole, does not greatly matter for our purposes. [