from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A tribute or service rendered to a feudal lord on the death of a tenant.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. the return of military equipment
- n. a payment made to a lord on the death of a tenant
- n. a tribute
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Formerly, a payment or tribute of arms or military accouterments, or the best beast, or chattel, due to the lord on the death of a tenant; in modern use, a customary tribute of goods or chattels to the lord of the fee, paid on the decease of a tenant.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In English law, a feudal service, tribute, or fine, as the best beast or other chattel, payable to the lord of the fee on the decease of the owner, landholder, or vassal.
Roffens.p. 33.] [******* On the death of an alderman, a greater or lesser thane, there was a payment made to the king of his best arms; and this was called his heriot; but this was not of the nature of a relief.
GODEFRIDUS-GOTRIC is credited with a third Saxon tribute, a heriot of
The mantel is that of Woden when he bears the hero over seas; the cock is a bird of sorcery the world over; the black fowl is the proper gift to the Underground powers -- a heriot really, for did not the Culture god steal all the useful beasts out of the underground world for men's use?
It is worth noting that in later times the heriot of an "ordinary thegn" (_medema þegn_) -- by which is meant apparently not a king's thegn but a man of the _twelfhynde_ class -- consisted of his horse with its saddle, &c. and his arms, or two pounds of silver as an equivalent of the whole.
For instance, when the vassal died, his arms, horse, military equipment reverted as heriot to his master.
Of their articles he approved of two only, that demanding the right to choose their pastors and that denouncing the heriot or death-duty.
The eleventh demands the abolition of the heriot, or inheritance-tax, by which the widow of a rustic was obliged to yield to her lord the best head of cattle or other valuable possession.
XI deals with the right of heriot, or the death-tax imposed upon the widow or heir of a tenant.
Cardiff: generally they owed no definite service to the Lord (except homage, and sometimes a heriot at death), but on failure of heirs the estate lapsed to the chief Lord.
But the fine paid on the inheritance of their land was less definitely restricted in amount, and heriot was more universally and more regularly collected.