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- adj. having a similar but not identical essence, especially with reference to the first and second persons of the Trinity
Basil's conciliation of the 'homoiousian' clergy is one of the clearly evidenced themes of his ministry.
There arose, on the one hand, an extreme Arian party and, on the other, a homoiousian party which approximated closely to the Athanasian position but feared the Nicene terminology.
What is novel in it is that it represents the fading of pure polytheism and the engrafting, upon a polytheistic stock, of a speculative homoiousian tendency soon to bud out as philosophic pantheism.
He does not flippantly ridicule the homoousian and the homoiousian as mere words, but the expression and exponent of profound theological distinctions, as every theologian knows them to be.