from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of plants belonging to the natural order Gramineæ, and the type of the tribe Hordeeæ, characterized by having the spikelets 1-flowered, 3 at each joint, but the 2 lateral usually sterile.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. annual to perennial grasses of temperate northern hemisphere and South America: barley
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The Latin word for barley, hordeum, became the French orge; orge mondé, meaning hulled barley, became orgemonde and in the 16th century orgeat.
O, divine poteen! immortal essence of the _hordeum beatum!
Orzo (from Latin hordeum, sometimes called Italian rice) is Italian and means "barley," but in common usage in the United States, orzo is understood to mean rice-shaped pasta, slightly smaller than a pine nut.
-- I have waited till now in hopes of seeing an answer from some more competent pen than my own to the Query as to the meaning of the word "_hordys_," by your correspondent "J.G.;" but having been disappointed, I venture a suggestion which occurred to me immediately on reading it, viz. that "_hordys_" might be some possible or impossible derivation from _hordeum_, and applied "irreverently" to the consecrated host, as though it were no better than a common barley-cake.