from The Century Dictionary.
- noun A salt of hydrochloric acid.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
- noun (Chem.) Same as
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.
- noun chemistry, archaic
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The hydrochlorate gives up a part of its water of crystallization at the ordinary temperature under a desiccator over sulphuric acid, and the whole of it upon heating.
The author found that 100 grammes of a Bucholze's solution for the propagation of bacteria, charged with 0.20 g. of chinoline hydrochlorate, had remained perfectly clear and free from bacteria after standing forty-six days exposed to the air, while a similar solution, placed under the same conditions, without chinoline, had turned muddy and contained bacteria after only twelve days 'standing.
The second half of the filtrate is used for determining the small quantity of sulphate of lime still contained in the hydrochlorate solution.
To prepare the pure base a very concentrated solution of this pure hydrochlorate is treated with an excess of a very concentrated solution of caustic soda, and pieces of caustic potash are added, whereupon the free alkaloid separates out at first as a colorless resinous stringy mass, which, however, upon standing, turns crystalline, forming monoclinic crystals similar to tartaric acid or glycocol.
With a solution composed of sulphate of copper, 120 grains; hydrochlorate of ammonia, 30 grains; and water 1 quart, greenish shades are obtained.
Stir well until the paranitroaniline is completely dissolved, add 3-1/2 gallons of cold water, which will cause a precipitation of the hydrochlorate of paranitroaniline as a yellow powder.
It consists in submitting to the action of heat the hydrochlorate of trimethylamine, which is obtained as a by-product in the manufacture of potash of beets.
The hydrochlorate of lime applied in the same way will cure after several applications and some patience; so will strong good vinegar, and so it is said will milk weed.
The hydrochlorate is thus decomposed into free trimethylamine, ammonia, and chloride of methyl.
Treat with aniline hydrochlorate, 2 per cent. aqueous solution, for two to five seconds.