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- n. Plural form of hypnozoite.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
P. vivax and P. ovale have dormant liver stage parasites, called "hypnozoites", which can reactivate, or relapse, and cause malaria several months or years after the infecting mosquito bite.
"hypnozoites", which can reactivate, or relapse, and cause malaria several months or years after the infecting mosquito bite.
In addition, primaquine is active against the dormant parasite liver forms (hypnozoites) and prevents relapses.
We cannot determine whether any apparent increase in diversity in the second survey is due to relapse from heterologous hypnozoites, as we did not successfully amplify
Snounou G, Pukrittayakamee S, Tanomsing N, Kim JR, et al. (2007) Relapses of Plasmodium vivax infection usually result from activation of heterologous hypnozoites.
We suggest the increase of prevalence of P. vivax regardless of reduced transmission is a result of new merozoites being released from dormant hypnozoites (relapse).