from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An abnormally low concentration of calcium in the blood.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The condition of having an abnormally low concentration of calcium ions in the blood.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. abnormally low level of calcium in the blood; associated with hypoparathyroidism or kidney malfunction or vitamin D deficiency
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The severe pain may be due to the hypocalcemia causing a potassium shift and nerve stimulation.
Hepatotoxicity, metabolic acidosis, hypocalcemia, rhadomyolysis and DIC were also present.
The resulting hypocalcemia causes an extracellular potassium shift, with the hyperkalemia then causing nerve stimulation and extreme pain.
HF rapidly penetrates the skin and enters the systemic circulation causing hypocalcemia, hyperkalemia, hypoxia and tremor.
Other findings include disseminated intravascular coagulation, bone marrow aplasia with leukopenia and thrombocytopenia, elevated liver enzyme values, hypocalcemia, hyponatremia and rhabdomyolysis.
Severe hypocalcemia associated with chronic glutethimide addiction: a case report.
Also, because of glutethimide's ability to induce hepatic enzymes, patients may develop vitamin D deficiencies (due to increased metabolism) with resultant hypocalcemia and osteomalacia. 6
For this reason calcitriol is also used to treat hypocalcemia and osteoporosis.
“Magnesium deficiency has been demonstrated in 711% of hospitalized patients and is found to coexist in up to 40% of patients with other electrolyte abnormalities, particularly hypokalemia and to a lesser extent, hyponatremia or hypocalcemia.”
Pre-existing hypocalcemia must be corrected prior to initiating Prolia.