from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. The lowest of the three median regions of the abdomen.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. An area of the human abdomen residing below the umbilicus.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The lower part of the abdomen.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In human anatomy, the lower part of the belly; an abdominal region below the umbilical region and between the right and left iliac or inguinal regions. See abdominal regions, under abdominal.
As the median line of union thus seems to influence the form of the hypogastrium, the genitals, and the perinaeum, the dissection of these parts has been conducted accordingly.
The fascia lata, Poupart's ligament, and the abdominal aponeurosis, are to be relaxed by bending the thigh inwards to the hypogastrium.
When distended largely, its summit is raised above the pubic symphysis, the small intestines having yielded place to it, and in this state it can be felt by the hand laid upon the hypogastrium.
The region which extends from the umbilicus to the point of the coccyx is marked upon the cutaneous surface by a central raphe dividing the hypogastrium, the penis, the scrotum, and the perinaeum respectively into equal and similar sides.
As examples of the former may be mentioned that in which the organ is deficient in front, and has become everted and protruded like a fungous mass through an opening at the median line of the hypogastrium; that in which the rectum terminates in the bladder posteriorly; and that in which the foetal urachus remains pervious as a uniform canal, or assumes a sacculated shape between the summit of the bladder and the umbilicus.
When between these intervals the process of union happens likewise to be arrested, malformations are the result; and of these the following are examples: -- Extrusion of the bladder at the hypogastrium is caused by a congenital hiatus at the lower part of the linea alba, which is in the median line; Epispadias, which is an urethral opening on the dorsum of the penis; and
By removing the skin and subjacent adipose membrane from the hypogastrium, we expose the superficial fascia.
At the third month of pregnancy a hard extrauterine tumor was found, which was gradually increasing in size and extending to the left side of the hypogastrium, the associate symptoms of pregnancy, sense of pressure, pain, tormina, and dysuria, being unusually severe.
He married in 1870, and upon being told that he was a father he slit up the hypogastrium from the symphysis pubis to the umbilicus, so that the omentum protruded; he said his object was to obtain a view of the interior.
Shame had led her to conceal her condition for all the period during which she suffered pain in the hypogastrium, and diarrhea.