from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Islam An individual's striving for spiritual self-perfection.
- n. Islam A Muslim holy war or spiritual struggle against infidels.
- n. A crusade or struggle: "The war against smoking is turning into a jihad against people who smoke” ( Fortune).
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A holy war undertaken by Muslims.
- n. An aggressive campaign for an idea.
- n. a personal spiritual struggle for self-improvement and against evil
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. A religious war against infidels or Mohammedan heretics; also, any bitter war or crusade for a principle or belief.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A general religious war of Mussulmans against Christians or other unbelievers in Islam, inculcated in the Koran and Traditions as a duty.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a holy struggle or striving by a Muslim for a moral or spiritual or political goal
- n. a holy war waged by Muslims against infidels
A British Muslim women's group has launched a "jihad against violence", in a bid to reclaim the term jihad from extremists.
Aman Mojadidi Mr. Mojadidi's use of the word jihad in his work is no coincidence.
AB: The martial quality suggested by the term jihad also is found in much Buddhist terminology.
In some non-Western conversations, the term jihad has acquired much of the same ambiguity.
In his hands, he held a Koran with the word jihad traced in pencil on the side of its pages.
In the case of Saudi national, Mansour Al-Nogaidan, he equates the term jihad to extremism.
"Islamic lexicon" and, in particular, an advocate for replacing the term jihad with hirabah in discussing Islamic terrorism.
"Truespeak" organization and Jim Guirard who has been arguing in DoD circles and academic institutions that the term jihad should be suspended from the GWOT lexicon to be replaced by hiraba.
Madani has been Sunni, Deobandi outspoken in his opposition to the misuse of the term jihad as a tool of terrorism in India.
This is the case with their misuse of the term jihad in the context of Kashmir in order to win mass support for themselves.