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  • There were two other styles I was required to wear on special occasions: the yakko, for when I was in formal kimono, and the katsuyama, for one month before and after the Gion Festival in July.

    Geisha, A Life

  • Afterwards the wife wears her hair in the styles called kumesa or maruwage, another name for which is katsuyama.

    Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan Second Series

  • The kumesa style is not genteel, and is the coiffure of the poor; the maruwage or katsuyama is refined.

    Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan Second Series


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