from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. The upper division of the European Triassic. See Chart of geology.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In geology, the German name of the upper division of the Triassic series, a formation of importance in Europe, and especially in Germany.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The lower limits of Belemnites are, in the keuper, covered by Jura limestone, and their upper limits in the chalk formations.
According to these views, the chalk and Jura constitute the upper, and the keuper, the muschelkalk, and the bunter sandstone the lower secondary formations, while the Permian system and the carboniferous limestone are the upper, and the devonian and silurian strata are the lower palaeooic formation.
They were very different, for instance, when carboniferous strata were horizontally deposited on the inclined beds of the mountain limestone and old red sandstone; when lias and oolite lay on a substratum of keuper and muschelkalk, and the chalk rested on the slopes of green sandstone and Jura limestone.
The Saurians are found in large numbers in the muschelkalk, * in the keuper, and in the oolitic formations, where they are the most numerous.
They are almost wholly absent in the epoch of the variegated sandstone which contains Coniferae of rare and luxuriant structure ( 'Voltizia, Haidingera, Albertia'); the Cycadeae, however, occur most frequently in the keuper and lias strata, in which more than twenty different forms appear.
The 'upper trias', including variegated sandstone, ** muschelkalk, and keuper.
The points at which certain vegetable groups attain their maximum; cycadeae in the keuper and lias, and coniferae in the butter sandstone.
Types of the sedimentary structures considered in their most simple and general characters; silurian and devonian formations (formerly known as rocks of transition); the lower trias (mountain limestone, coal measures, together with 'todilegende' and zechstein); the upper trias (butter sandstone, muschelkalk, and keuper);