Definitions

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • adj. Describing ions (normally small, with a high charge density) that stabilize intermolecular interactions in water, especially by stabilizing hydrogen bonds

Etymologies

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Examples

  • They then grew extremophiles on a medium supplemented with either chaotropic or kosmotropic solutes (which stabilize macromolecules rather than destabilize them).

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  • Starting with four types of xerophilic fungi (aerobic extremophiles that thrive in environments with little water), the scientists found that at 30°C the fungi grew well in the presence of both chaotropic and kosmotropic solutes, but at 1. 7°C the fungi on media supplemented with chaotropes grew better than those on kosmotropes, with some of the latter showing zero growth.

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