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  • The Pali word kamma (Sanskrit karma) literally means "action" (i.e., volition: cetana), which can be either skilled (kusala) or unskilled (akusala).

    Buddhism and Sex by M. O'C. Walshe

  • Later, he would say that a person seek­ing enlightenment must be “energetic, resolute and persever­ing” in pursuing those “helpful,” “wholesome” or “skillful” (kusala) states that would promote spiritual health.


  • “When you know in yourselves that these things are ‘helpful’ (kusala) and those ‘un­helpful’ (akusala), then you should practice this ethic and stick to it, whatever anybody else tells you.”


  • The secret was to reproduce the seclusion that had led to his trance, and foster such wholesome (kusala) states of mind as the disinterested compassion that had made him grieve for the insects and the shoots of young grass.


  • Following Lassen, he renders kusala and akusala as "prosperous" and "unprosperous;" for medhabi K.T. T.lang has rendered "talented" which has not the sanction of good usage.

    The Mahabharata of Krishna-Dwaipayana Vyasa, Volume 2 Books 4, 5, 6 and 7

  • The notion of skillful means contains a critical edge - kausalya suggests kusala, wholesome, but in practice criteria for discerning between skillful and unskillful are hard to establish.

    Joseph S. O'Leary homepage

  • Gotama’s use of the words kusala and akusala are significant.



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