from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A secondary articulatory feature of usually consonants that involves the contraction or rounding of the labia during pronunciation.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The modification of an articulation by contraction of the lip opening.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The act or process of labializing; conversion to a labial.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

labialize +‎ -ation


  • To me, *h3 was ultimately born from the era of Indo-Aegean Centralization when the feature of labialization was transferred to the neighbouring consonant, including *h.

    Update of my "Diachrony of Pre-IE" document

  • Maybe to add further, even without concommitant labialization, I don't think it's impossible that a pharyngeal to MIE ears would appear to have a +back acoustic quality, the same quality as their *w which may be one of the closest approximations they could make.

    The so-called imitative status of PIE *pneu- "to sneeze"

  • Word-final labialization was neutralized after Syncope, hence there were no instances in PIE, nor could there be, of suffixes like **-gʷ or **-hʷ **-h₃.

    Back to business: emphatic particles and verbal extensions

  • However, since Centralization and the concommitant transfer of labialization from the vowel to the neighbouring consonant is naturally heavily dependant on vocalism, I would have to oppose i-umlaut at the Proto-Steppe stage unless you can find a different formulation of Centralization that works to explain the rise of labialized consonants in PIE.

    Updating my Pre-IE pdf (already!)

  • The other however generates a glottalic velar plus obvious labialization.

    A list of possible Proto-Semitic loanwords in PIE

  • So what I'm suggesting is what I like to call "disassociated labialization", or rather labialization remaining as residue a while after the phoneme to which its attached has eroded to null.

    PIE Uvulars: A revised solution of their origin

  • At that point, palatalization and labialization could be understood as consonantal features.

    The Great Pre-IE Centralization

  • Either the labialization was absorbed there or the bilabial stops were lenited.

    The Great Pre-IE Centralization

  • This might be called anticipatory labialization because you're anticipating the next sound, so subconsciously you begin to round your lips ahead of schedule.

    The Great Pre-IE Centralization

  • In AbAd, palatalization (the act of pronouncing something with an added "y"-like quality) and labialization (the act of pronouncing something with an added "w"-like quality) are standard features in their sound systems.

    Archive 2007-12-01


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