from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A field or fioe of ice stretching along the coast and holding fast to it, or included between headlands. Also called fast ice. Kane.


Sorry, no etymologies found.


  • It seems almost incredible, but these men succeeded in working their way on foot over sea-ice and land-ice, cracks and crevasses, hard snow and loose snow, to the Magnetic Pole, and making observations there.

    The South Pole~ The History of the South Pole

  • The most recent climate warming trend during the industrial period overprints Holocene climate shifts that have occurred due to orbit-induced variations in solar insolation, as well as oscillations produced by local to regional shifts in sea surface temperatures, atmospheric and oceanic circulation patterns, and the extent of land-ice cover [28].

    Historical changes in freshwater ecosystems in the Arctic

  • This was probably due to the effects of local residual land-ice cover and local sea surface temperatures [57].

    Arctic climate variability prior to 100 years BP

  • ScienceDaily July 17, 2008 — Research by a Valparaiso University geography professor and his students on the creation of Kankakee Sand Islands of Northwest Indiana is lending support to evidence that the first humans to settle the Americas came from Europe, a discovery that overturns decades of classroom lessons that nomadic tribes from Asia crossed a Bering Strait land-ice bridge.

    Who Came First?

  • For the complete range of AOGCMs and SRES scenarios and including uncertainties in land-ice changes, permafrost changes and sediment deposition, global average sea level is projected to rise by 0.09 to 0.88 m over 1990 to 2100, with a central value of 0.48 m Figure 11.12.

    Grapevine: Mann to testify on 27th July « Climate Audit

  • Some discrepancy between observed sea-level rise and sea-level rise estimated from the steric effect temperature and salinity and from land-ice meltic seems to persist.

    An Analysis of the TOPEX Sea Level Record « Climate Audit

  • Possession bay; but being prevented by the land-ice, she bore up for

    Outlines of a Mechanical Theory of Storms Containing the True Law of Lunar Influence

  • In 1849, Sir James Ross cut his ships clear of the ice August 28th, and crossed over to Wellington channel, where he found the land-ice still fast, showing that this season was also a bad one in accordance with the theory.

    Outlines of a Mechanical Theory of Storms Containing the True Law of Lunar Influence

  • Icebergs were first traced back to their true origin by the nature of the land-ice of which they are always composed, and which is quite distinct in structure and consistency from the marine ice produced by frozen sea-water, and called "ice-flow" by the Arctic explorers, as well as from the pond or river ice, resulting from the simple congelation of fresh water.

    The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 12, No. 73, November, 1863

  • If we now compare these facts with what is known of the structure of land-ice, we shall see that the mode of formation in the two cases differs essentially.

    The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 12, No. 73, November, 1863


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