from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A type of magistrate in South Africa, abolished under the British in 1827.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- A chief magistrate in rural districts. He was replaced in 1827 by “resident magistrates.”
- The president of the Heemraad.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In South Africa, a magistrate.
More texture emerges in narrative documents such as landdrost's correspondence and criminal records, but the Company's regular accounting of loan farms, settler agricultural production, and slave ownership do, in fact, reveal more than statistics.
For the present we can follow his history no farther than to say, that the proceeds of his great hunt enabled him to buy back his old estate, and to stock it in splendid style, with the best breeds of horses, horned cattle, and sheep; that he rose rapidly in wealth and worldly esteem; that the government gave him its confidence; and, having first restored him to his old office of field-cornet, soon afterwards promoted him to that of "landdrost," or chief magistrate of the district.
Rent, which could be paid in specie or livestock, was payable either at the landdrost or the Castle at the Cape. 25 Farmers in outlying areas often paid several years at once, presumably due in part to the long journey from their farms to the seats of colonial authority.
From the perspective of a slave, the exercise of state authority began with his or her master, who was legally permitted to mete out corporal punishment. 32 The master was in turn subject to the authority of the veldkornet, the landdrost, and the heemraden.
The first landdrost, or magistrate, was appointed to serve in Stellenbosch in 1679.
This quotidian continuity was particularly true on the Cedarberg frontier, where interaction with state power took place through the mediation of veldkornets and, occasionally, the landdrost himself.
The contracts had to be completed in triplicate: one copy going to the employer, another copy to the laborer, and a third copy to be filed with the landdrost.
The landdrost reported to the fiscaal, the Company's prosecutor, and the governor.
The landdrost captured their presence near Stellenbosch in the newly-implemented "Hottentot Register."
Members of the heemraad, or citizens 'advisory council, assisted the landdrost, a Company official.