from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The use of prison labor and prison farms in the People's Republic of China.


from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Sinitic trad. 勞改, simpl. 劳改 (láogǎi), literally labour rehabilitation.


  • In 1990, China abandoned the term laogai and labeled the detention facilities as "prisons" instead, but Wu maintained that evidence gathered by his foundation suggested that forced labor was "as much a part of its prison system today as it ever was."

    Taipei Times

  • In any event, it is simply perverse for a president to go to a country with a gulag - in China, it's called "laogai" - and give no signal whatsoever that he knows it: that he knows he is in a country with a gulag.

    Articles on National Review Online

  • Harry Wu (吳弘達), who labored in 12 different camps in China from 1960 to 1979, set up the museum in memory of the millions who he said perished within the camps, known as laogai or reform-through-labor camps.

    Taipei Times

  • In the 1980s, he exposed the system of forced labour in China and did for the "laogai" what Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn did for the gulags of Stalin's Soviet Union.

    Harvesting the Olympics

  • Under pressure from MEPs to take action against goods from the "laogai", or labour detention centres, commissioner Stefan Fule said the EU executive "is ready to study the effectiveness of the US law in preventing such imports."

    Space Business and Industry News at

  • Harry Wu, who spent 19 years in China's "laogai" labor camp system, brushed off Google's announcement with a blunt assessment of the company's role in China. - latest science and technology news stories

  • Harry Wu, who spent 19 years in China's "laogai" labor camp system, said the Obama administration's position on China is understandable but frustrating.

    Latest Headlines - ABC 7 News

  • With systems for repression like the laogai -- a prison system of more than three million slave laborers working to make the country's economic miracles possible -- China is not headed to democratization.

    Thor Halvorssen: After 33 Years of Torture and Prison, A Life of Forgiveness

  • According to Human Rights Watch, "Reeducation through labor" "sometimes labeled rehabilitation through labor" "is not to be confused with reform though labor (laodong gaizao or laogai), the complex of prisons, labor camps, and labor farms for those sentenced judicially."

    Harvesting the Olympics

  • We must find a way, I thought, to record these victims of laogai (reform-through-labor) at Tuanhe Farm, a Beijing re-education camp.

    A Prisoner's Journey


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