from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A genus of fishes with rhomboid scales as hard as bone, whence the name.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
In the bony pike (_lepidosteus_), the rigidity of the bony scales by which it is completely enclosed must prevent any excessive flexion of the body, and yet its vertebral column presents a degree of ossification and vertebral completeness greater than that found in any other fish whatever.
The fish was closely related to the gar-pike, (lepidosteus,) of most of the American rivers.
First, he erected the fishes that to an internal cartilaginous skeleton unite an external armature of plates and points of bone, into his Placoid order; next, gathering together a mere handful of individuals from among the various orders and families over which they had been scattered, -- the sturgeons from among the cartilaginous fishes, and the lepidosteus and polypterus from among the Clupia or herrings, -- he erected into a small ganoid order all the fishes that are covered, whatever the consistency of their skeleton, by a continuous or nearly continuous armor of enamelled bone, or by great bony plates that lock into each other at their edges.