from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- adj. Strap-shaped.
- adj. Having a ligule.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. Shaped like a strap or long tongue
- adj. Having a ligule
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Like a bandage, or strap; strap-shaped.
- adj. Composed of ligules.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- In botany: Strap-shaped: said chiefly of the rays of the tubuliflorous and the corollas of the liguliflorous Compositæ.
- Furnished with a ligule: as, a ligulate grass; having a ligulate corolla: as, a ligulate flower; having ligulate flowers: as, a ligulate head.
- In zoology, strap-shaped: specifically applied
- to the cochlea of vertebrates below mammals, in distinction from helicine or helicoid;
- in entomology, to parts which are long, narrow, flat, and parallel-sided or nearly so, as the tongue of a butterfly.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
I am unable to learn to what species it is most nearly related; its name, which doubtless has reference to its peculiar form and habit, would seem to isolate it even from its parents, if such are known; it, however, belongs to that section having thick leathery leaves, ligulate, encrusted, arranged in rosette form, and having excavated dots.
_Ligulifloræ_, the florets are naturally all ligulate, so that the change above mentioned is not in itself a very grave one.
On the other hand, were the ligulate florets to be all replaced by tubular ones, the term peloria would be more strictly applicable.
In what are erroneously called double flowers in this order, _e. g._ in the Chrysanthemum, Dahlia, &c. &c., the florets are all ligulate.
_Compositæ_ there is, as is well known, a distinction between the florets of the "disc" and those of the "ray," the latter being ligulate, the former tubular.
The passage of ligulate to tubular corollas among _Compositæ_ is not of such common occurrence as is the converse change.
I owe to Mr. Berkeley the communication of a capitulum of a species of _Bidens_, in which there was a transition from the form of ligulate corollas to those that were deeply divided into three, four, or five oblong lobes.
_Glyceria fluitans_, the spikelet of which, as observed by Wigand,  consisted below of the ordinary unchanged glumes, but the remaining paleæ as well as the lodicles and stamens were represented by ligulate leaves.
The ligulate corollas also may often be found in Chrysanthemums, Dahlias, &c., more or less deeply divided into their component parts.
The _leaf-blade_ is flat, thinly coriaceous, linear-lanceolate and acuminate, or ligulate with a rounded tip, 3 to 5 inches in length, 3/16 to 5/16 inch wide, glabrous or very thinly scaberulous, base rounded or slightly cordate with long white ciliate hairs on the small basal lobes.