from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The compaction and cementation of sediment into rock.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A hardening into stone; the process of becoming stone.
Sorry, no etymologies found.
The process of compaction and cementation is known as lithification.
Early phosphogenesis strongly favored the preservation and lithification of phosphate-rich bones and coprolites, probably during periods of marine transgression and sediment starvation.
The process of lithification by carbonated springs is still going on.
The reason for this was that the only ways they could estimate the absolute time-scales involved were all based on very variable phenomena - erosion, weathering, sedimentation and lithification.